Look up the German to English translation of Zypern in the PONS online dictionary. Includes free vocabulary trainer, verb tables and pronunciation function. Translations in context of "Zypern" in German-English from Reverso Context: Republik Zypern, Zypern und Malta, Zypern-Frage, Malta und Zypern. Many translated example sentences containing "Zypern" – English-German dictionary and search engine for English translations.
Translation of "Zypern" in EnglishLook up the German to English translation of Zypern in the PONS online dictionary. Includes free vocabulary trainer, verb tables and pronunciation function. Learn the translation for 'Zypern' in LEO's English ⇔ German dictionary. With noun/verb tables for the different cases and tenses ✓ links to audio pronunciation. Translation for 'Zypern' in the free German-English dictionary and many other English translations.
Zypern English Program Summary VideoZypern: Kampf um die Insel - Weltspiegel-Reportage
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Collaboration with Harvard T. Through overseas trade, the island has given its name to the Classical Latin word for copper through the phrase aes Cyprium , "metal of Cyprus", later shortened to Cuprum.
The standard demonym relating to Cyprus or its people or culture is Cypriot. The terms Cypriote and Cyprian are also used, though less frequently.
The state's official name in Greek literally translates to "Cypriot Republic" in English, but this translation is not used officially; "Republic of Cyprus" is used instead.
The earliest confirmed site of human activity on Cyprus is Aetokremnos , situated on the south coast, indicating that hunter-gatherers were active on the island from around 10, BC ,  with settled village communities dating from BC.
The arrival of the first humans correlates with the extinction of the dwarf hippos and dwarf elephants. Remains of an 8-month-old cat were discovered buried with a human body at a separate Neolithic site in Cyprus.
During the late Bronze Age the island experienced two waves of Greek settlement. After c. Cyprus is at a strategic location in the Middle East.
The revolt was suppressed, but Cyprus managed to maintain a high degree of autonomy and remained inclined towards the Greek world.
Following his death and the subsequent division of his empire and wars among his successors , Cyprus became part of the Hellenistic empire of Ptolemaic Egypt.
It was during this period that the island was fully Hellenized. When the Roman Empire was divided into Eastern and Western parts in , Cyprus became part of the East Roman, or Byzantine Empire , and would remain so until the Crusades some years later.
Under Byzantine rule, the Greek orientation that had been prominent since antiquity developed the strong Hellenistic-Christian character that continues to be a hallmark of the Greek Cypriot community.
Beginning in , Cyprus endured several attacks launched by raiders from the Levant , which continued for the next years. Many were quick piratical raids, but others were large-scale attacks in which many Cypriots were slaughtered and great wealth carried off or destroyed.
There are no Byzantine churches which survive from this period; thousands of people were killed, and many cities — such as Salamis — were destroyed and never rebuilt.
In , during the Third Crusade , Richard I of England captured the island from Isaac Komnenos of Cyprus  He used it as a major supply base that was relatively safe from the Saracens.
A year later Richard sold the island to the Knights Templar , who, following a bloody revolt, in turn sold it to Guy of Lusignan.
Following the death in of James II , the last Lusignan king, the Republic of Venice assumed control of the island, while the late king's Venetian widow, Queen Catherine Cornaro , reigned as figurehead.
Venice formally annexed the Kingdom of Cyprus in , following the abdication of Catherine. Throughout Venetian rule, the Ottoman Empire frequently raided Cyprus.
In the Ottomans destroyed Limassol and so fearing the worst, the Venetians also fortified Famagusta and Kyrenia. Although the Lusignan French aristocracy remained the dominant social class in Cyprus throughout the medieval period, the former assumption that Greeks were treated only as serfs on the island  is no longer considered by academics to be accurate.
It is now accepted that the medieval period saw increasing numbers of Greek Cypriots elevated to the upper classes, a growing Greek middle ranks ,  and the Lusignan royal household even marrying Greeks.
In , a full-scale Ottoman assault with 60, troops brought the island under Ottoman control, despite stiff resistance by the inhabitants of Nicosia and Famagusta.
Ottoman forces capturing Cyprus massacred many Greek and Armenian Christian inhabitants. The Ottomans abolished the feudal system previously in place and applied the millet system to Cyprus, under which non-Muslim peoples were governed by their own religious authorities.
In a reversal from the days of Latin rule, the head of the Church of Cyprus was invested as leader of the Greek Cypriot population and acted as mediator between Christian Greek Cypriots and the Ottoman authorities.
This status ensured that the Church of Cyprus was in a position to end the constant encroachments of the Roman Catholic Church. The ratio of Muslims to Christians fluctuated throughout the period of Ottoman domination.
In —78, 47, Muslims constituted a majority over the island's 37, Christians. In response, the Ottoman governor of Cyprus arrested and executed prominent Greek Cypriots, including the Archbishop of Cyprus, Kyprianos , and four other bishops.
After centuries of neglect by the Turks, the unrelenting poverty of most of the people, and the ever-present tax collectors fuelled Greek nationalism, and by the 20th century idea of enosis , or union, with newly independent Greece was firmly rooted among Greek Cypriots.
Under the Ottoman rule, numeracy, school enrolment and literacy rates were all low. They persisted sometime after Ottoman rule ended and then increased rapidly during the twentieth century.
In the aftermath of the Russo-Turkish War — and the Congress of Berlin , Cyprus was leased to the British Empire which de facto took over its administration in though, in terms of sovereignty, Cyprus remained a de jure Ottoman territory until 5 November , together with Egypt and Sudan  in exchange for guarantees that Britain would use the island as a base to protect the Ottoman Empire against possible Russian aggression.
The island would serve Britain as a key military base for its colonial routes. By , when the Famagusta harbour was completed, Cyprus was a strategic naval outpost overlooking the Suez Canal , the crucial main route to India which was then Britain's most important overseas possession.
The offer was declined. In , under the Treaty of Lausanne , the nascent Turkish republic relinquished any claim to Cyprus,  and in it was declared a British crown colony.
The Greek Cypriot population, meanwhile, had become hopeful that the British administration would lead to enosis.
The idea of enosis was historically part of the Megali Idea , a greater political ambition of a Greek state encompassing the territories with Greek inhabitants in the former Ottoman Empire, including Cyprus and Asia Minor with a capital in Constantinople , and was actively pursued by the Cypriot Orthodox Church , which had its members educated in Greece.
Initially, the Turkish Cypriots favoured the continuation of the British rule. Nationalistic slogans centred on the idea that "Cyprus is Turkish" and the ruling party declared Cyprus to be a part of the Turkish homeland that was vital to its security.
The slogan "Partition or Death" was frequently used in Turkish Cypriot and Turkish protests starting in the late s and continuing throughout the s.
Although after the Zürich and London conferences Turkey seemed to accept the existence of the Cypriot state and to distance itself from its policy of favouring the partition of the island, the goal of the Turkish and Turkish Cypriot leaders remained that of creating an independent Turkish state in the northern part of the island.
Restricted autonomy under a constitution was proposed by the British administration but eventually rejected. T despite its illegal actions so as not to harm British relations with the Turkish government.
Cyprus had a total population of ,; of whom , However, the division of power as foreseen by the constitution soon resulted in legal impasses and discontent on both sides, and nationalist militants started training again, with the military support of Greece and Turkey respectively.
The Greek Cypriot leadership believed that the rights given to Turkish Cypriots under the constitution were too extensive and designed the Akritas plan , which was aimed at reforming the constitution in favour of Greek Cypriots, persuading the international community about the correctness of the changes and violently subjugating Turkish Cypriots in a few days should they not accept the plan.
Intercommunal violence erupted on 21 December , when two Turkish Cypriots were killed at an incident involving the Greek Cypriot police.
The violence resulted in the death of Turkish and Greek Cypriots,  destruction of Turkish Cypriot or mixed villages and displacement of 25,—30, Turkish Cypriots.
The crisis resulted in the end of the Turkish Cypriot involvement in the administration and their claiming that it had lost its legitimacy;  the nature of this event is still controversial.
In some areas, Greek Cypriots prevented Turkish Cypriots from travelling and entering government buildings, while some Turkish Cypriots willingly withdrew due to the calls of the Turkish Cypriot administration.
In , Turkey threatened to invade Cyprus  in response to the continuing Cypriot intercommunal violence , but this was stopped by a strongly worded telegram from the US President Lyndon B.
Johnson on 5 June, warning that the US would not stand beside Turkey in case of a consequential Soviet invasion of Turkish territory.
Greece dispatched 10, troops to Cyprus to counter a possible Turkish invasion. This justification has been rejected by the United Nations and the international community.
The Turkish air force began bombing Greek positions in Cyprus, and hundreds of paratroopers were dropped in the area between Nicosia and Kyrenia, where well-armed Turkish Cypriot enclaves had been long-established; while off the Kyrenia coast, Turkish troop ships landed 6, men as well as tanks, trucks and armoured vehicles.
Three days later, when a ceasefire had been agreed,  Turkey had landed 30, troops on the island and captured Kyrenia, the corridor linking Kyrenia to Nicosia, and the Turkish Cypriot quarter of Nicosia itself.
In Nicosia, Glafkos Clerides assumed the presidency and constitutional order was restored, removing the pretext for the Turkish invasion.
Among a variety of sanctions against Turkey, in mid the US Congress imposed an arms embargo on Turkey for using US-supplied equipment during the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in After the restoration of constitutional order and the return of Archbishop Makarios III to Cyprus in December , Turkish troops remained, occupying the northeastern portion of the island.
The events of the summer of dominate the politics on the island, as well as Greco-Turkish relations. Around , settlers from Turkey are believed to be living in the north—many of whom were forced from Turkey by the Turkish government—in violation of the Geneva Convention and various UN resolutions.
The Turkish invasion, the ensuing occupation and the declaration of independence by the TRNC have been condemned by United Nations resolutions, which are reaffirmed by the Security Council every year.
The plan was put to a referendum in both Northern Cyprus and the Cypriot Republic. On 1 May Cyprus joined the European Union , together with nine other countries.
In July , the island served as a haven for people fleeing Lebanon , due to the conflict between Israel and Hezbollah also called " The July War ".
Efforts have been made to enhance freedom of movement between the two sides. In April , Northern Cyprus unilaterally eased border restrictions, permitting Cypriots to cross between the two sides for the first time in 30 years.
Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after the Italian islands of Sicily and Sardinia  both in terms of area and population.
It is also the world's 80th largest by area and world's 51st largest by population. The physical relief of the island is dominated by two mountain ranges, the Troodos Mountains and the smaller Kyrenia Range , and the central plain they encompass, the Mesaoria.
The Mesaoria plain is drained by the Pedieos River , the longest on the island. The Troodos Mountains cover most of the southern and western portions of the island and account for roughly half its area.
The island lies within the Anatolian Plate. Geopolitically , the island is subdivided into four main segments. The Republic of Cyprus occupies the southern two-thirds of the island The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus occupies the northern third Lastly, two bases under British sovereignty are located on the island: Akrotiri and Dhekelia , covering the remaining 2.
Cyprus has a subtropical climate — Mediterranean and semi-arid type in the north-eastern part of the island — Köppen climate classifications Csa and BSh ,   with very mild winters on the coast and warm to hot summers.
Snow is possible only in the Troodos Mountains in the central part of island. Rain occurs mainly in winter, with summer being generally dry.
Cyprus has one of the warmest climates in the Mediterranean part of the European Union. Large fluctuations in temperature are rare.
Inland temperatures are more extreme, with colder winters and hotter summers compared with the coast of the island.
Sunshine hours on the coast are around 3, per year, from an average of 5—6 hours of sunshine per day in December to an average of 12—13 hours in July.
Cyprus suffers from a chronic shortage of water. The country relies heavily on rain to provide household water, but in the past 30 years average yearly precipitation has decreased.
However, since then demand has increased annually — a result of local population growth, foreigners moving to Cyprus and the number of visiting tourists — while supply has fallen as a result of more frequent droughts.
The Government has invested heavily in the creation of water desalination plants which have supplied almost 50 per cent of domestic water since Efforts have also been made to raise public awareness of the situation and to encourage domestic water users to take more responsibility for the conservation of this increasingly scarce commodity.
Turkey has built a water pipeline under the Mediterranean Sea from Anamur on its southern coast to the northern coast of Cyprus, to supply Northern Cyprus with potable and irrigation water see Northern Cyprus Water Supply Project.
Cyprus is a presidential republic. The head of state and of the government is elected by a process of universal suffrage for a five-year term.
Executive power is exercised by the government with legislative power vested in the House of Representatives whilst the Judiciary is independent of both the executive and the legislature.
The Constitution provided for a presidential system of government with independent executive, legislative and judicial branches as well as a complex system of checks and balances including a weighted power-sharing ratio designed to protect the interests of the Turkish Cypriots.
The executive was led by a Greek Cypriot president and a Turkish Cypriot vice-president elected by their respective communities for five-year terms and each possessing a right of veto over certain types of legislation and executive decisions.
Legislative power rested on the House of Representatives who were also elected on the basis of separate voters' rolls. Since , following clashes between the two communities, the Turkish Cypriot seats in the House remain vacant.
In Cyprus was divided de facto when the Turkish army occupied the northern third of the island. The Turkish Cypriots subsequently declared independence in as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus but were recognised only by Turkey.
In the TRNC adopted a constitution and held its first elections. The United Nations recognises the sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus over the entire island of Cyprus.
The House of Representatives currently has 59 members elected for a five-year term, 56 members by proportional representation and 3 observer members representing the Armenian , Latin and Maronite minorities.
In , Dimitris Christofias became the country's first Communist head of state. Due to his involvement in the —13 Cypriot financial crisis , Christofias did not run for re-election in The Presidential election in resulted in Democratic Rally candidate Nicos Anastasiades winning As a result, Anastasiades was sworn in on and has been president since 28 February Cyprus has four exclaves , all in territory that belongs to the British Sovereign Base Area of Dhekelia.
The first two are the villages of Ormidhia and Xylotymvou. The third is the Dhekelia Power Station , which is divided by a British road into two parts.
The northern part is the EAC refugee settlement. The southern part, even though located by the sea, is also an exclave because it has no territorial waters of its own, those being UK waters.
The UN buffer zone runs up against Dhekelia and picks up again from its east side off Ayios Nikolaos and is connected to the rest of Dhekelia by a thin land corridor.
In that sense the buffer zone turns the Paralimni area on the southeast corner of the island into a de facto , though not de jure , exclave.
Hadjisavvas has asserted that these actions are motivated by a Turkish policy of erasing the Greek presence in Northern Cyprus within a framework of ethnic cleansing, as well as by greed and profit-seeking on the part of the individuals involved.
It is a combined arms force, with land, air and naval elements. Historically all men were required to spend 24 months serving in the National Guard after their 17th birthday, but in this period of compulsory service was reduced to 14 months.
Annually, approximately 10, persons are trained in recruit centres. Depending on their awarded speciality the conscript recruits are then transferred to speciality training camps or to operational units.
In the early 21st century the Cypriot economy has diversified and become prosperous. The — Cypriot financial crisis led to an agreement with the Eurogroup in March to split the country's second largest bank, the Cyprus Popular Bank also known as Laiki Bank , into a "bad" bank which would be wound down over time and a "good" bank which would be absorbed by the Bank of Cyprus.
Tourism, financial services and shipping are significant parts of the economy. Economic policy of the Cyprus government has focused on meeting the criteria for admission to the European Union.
The Cypriot government adopted the euro as the national currency on 1 January Turkey , which does not recognise the border agreements of Cyprus with its neighbours,  threatened to mobilise its naval forces if Cyprus proceeded with plans to begin drilling at Block Because of the heavy influx of tourists and foreign investors, the property rental market in Cyprus has grown in recent years.
Available modes of transport are by road, sea and air. A series of motorways runs along the coast from Paphos east to Ayia Napa, with two motorways running inland to Nicosia, one from Limassol and one from Larnaca.
Per capita private car ownership is the 29th-highest in the world. In the new bus network was implemented.
Cyprus has several heliports and two international airports: Larnaca International Airport and Paphos International Airport.
A third airport, Ercan International Airport , operates in the Turkish Cypriot administered area with direct flights only to Turkey Turkish Cypriot ports are closed to international traffic apart from Turkey.
Nicosia International Airport has been closed since The main harbours of the island are Limassol and Larnaca , which service cargo, passenger and cruise ships.
Cyta , the state-owned telecommunications company, manages most telecommunications and Internet connections on the island. However, following deregulation of the sector, a few private telecommunications companies emerged, including epic , Cablenet , OTEnet Telecom , Omega Telecom and PrimeTel.
According to the first population census after the declaration of independence, carried out in December and covering the entire island, Cyprus had a total population of ,, of whom , Due to the inter-communal ethnic tensions between and , an island-wide census was regarded as impossible.
Nevertheless, the Cypriot government conducted one in , without the Turkish Cypriot populace. One year later, in , the Cypriot government's Department of Statistics and Research estimated the total population of Cyprus at ,; of whom , According to the Republic of Cyprus's latest estimate, in , the number of Cypriot citizens currently living in the Republic of Cyprus is around , In addition to this, the Republic of Cyprus is home to , foreign permanent residents  and an estimated 10,—30, undocumented illegal immigrants currently living in the south of the island.
According to the census carried out by Northern Cyprus, there were , de jure people living in Northern Cyprus.
Of the , citizens born in Cyprus, , say both parents were born in Cyprus; 16, say both parents born in Turkey; 10, have one parent born in Turkey and one parent born in Cyprus.
In , the International Crisis Group estimated that the total population of Cyprus was 1. The villages of Rizokarpaso only one in the north , Potamia Nicosia district and Pyla Larnaca District are the only settlements remaining with a mixed Greek and Turkish Cypriot population.
Y-Dna haplogroups are found at the following frequencies in Cyprus: J According to Eurobarometer ,  Cyprus was the second most religious state in the European Union at that time, after Malta although in Romania wasn't in the European Union; currently Romania is the most religious state in the EU see Religion in the European Union.
According to the census carried out in the Government-controlled area,  There is also a Jewish community on Cyprus. The remaining 1.
Cyprus has two official languages, Greek and Turkish. Russian, after English and Greek, is the third language used on many signs of shops and restaurants, particularly in Limassol and Paphos.
Cyprus has a highly developed system of primary and secondary education offering both public and private education.
State schools are generally seen as equivalent in quality of education to private-sector institutions.
Cypriot universities like universities in Greece ignore high school grades almost entirely for admissions purposes. While a high-school diploma is mandatory for university attendance, admissions are decided almost exclusively on the basis of scores at centrally administered university entrance examinations that all university candidates are required to take.
Cyprus currently [ when? The body of Cypriot students is highly mobile, with Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots share a lot in common in their culture due to cultural exchanges but also have differences.
Several traditional food such as souvla and halloumi and beverages are similar, as well as expressions and ways of life.
Hospitality and buying or offering food and drinks for guests or others are common among both. In both communities, music, dance and art are integral parts of social life and many artistic, verbal and nonverbal expressions, traditional dances such as tsifteteli , similarities in dance costumes and importance placed on social activities are shared between the communities.
The event which is very popular in Cyprus was introduced in the 20th century. The art history of Cyprus can be said to stretch back up to 10, years, following the discovery of a series of Chalcolithic period carved figures in the villages of Khoirokoitia and Lempa.
Cypriot architecture was heavily influenced by French Gothic and Italian renaissance introduced in the island during the era of Latin domination — A well known traditional art that dates at least from the 14th century is the Lefkara Lace also known as "Lefkaratika", which originates from the village Lefkara.
Lefkara lace is recognised as an intangible cultural heritage ICH by Unesco, and it is characterised by distinct design patterns, and its intricate, time-consuming production process.
A genuine Lefkara lace with full embroidery can take typically hundreds of hours to be made, and that is why it is usually priced quite high.
Another local form of art the originated from Lefkara is the production of Cypriot Filigree locally known as Trifourenio , a type of jewellery that is made with twisted threads of silver.
In Lefkara village there is government funded center named Lefkara Handicraft Center the mission of which is to educate and teach the art of making the embroidery and silver jewellery.
There's also the Museum of Traditional Embroidery and Silversmithing located in the village which has large collection of local handmade art.
In modern times Cypriot art history begins with the painter Vassilis Vryonides — who studied at the Academy of Fine Arts in Venice.
In particular the majority of Cypriot artists still train in England  while others train at art schools in Greece and local art institutions such as the Cyprus College of Art , University of Nicosia and the Frederick Institute of Technology.
One of the features of Cypriot art is a tendency towards figurative painting although conceptual art is being rigorously promoted by a number of art "institutions" and most notably the Nicosia Municipal Art Centre.
Municipal art galleries exist in all the main towns and there is a large and lively commercial art scene. Cyprus was due to host the international art festival Manifesta in but this was cancelled at the last minute following a dispute between the Dutch organizers of Manifesta and the Cyprus Ministry of Education and Culture over the location of some of the Manifesta events in the Turkish sector of the capital Nicosia.
The traditional folk music of Cyprus has several common elements with Greek , Turkish , and Arabic Music , all of which have descended from Byzantine music, including Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot dances such as the sousta , syrtos , zeibekikos , tatsia , and karsilamas as well as the Middle Eastern-inspired tsifteteli and arapies.
There is also a form of musical poetry known as chattista which is often performed at traditional feasts and celebrations. The instruments commonly associated with Cyprus folk music are the violin "fkiolin" , lute "laouto" , Cyprus flute pithkiavlin , oud "outi" , kanonaki and percussions including the " tamboutsia ".
Among musicians is also the acclaimed pianist Cyprien Katsaris , composer Andreas G. Metal also has a small following in Cyprus represented by bands such as Armageddon rev.
Literary production of the antiquity includes the Cypria , an epic poem , probably composed in the late 7th century BC and attributed to Stasinus.
The Cypria is one of the first specimens of Greek and European poetry. Epic poetry, notably the "acritic songs", flourished during Middle Ages.
Two chronicles, one written by Leontios Machairas and the other by Georgios Boustronios , cover the entire Middle Ages until the end of Frankish rule 4th century— Some of them are actual translations of poems written by Petrarch , Bembo , Ariosto and G.
There is an increasingly strong presence of both temporary and permanent emigre Cypriot writers in world literature, as well as writings by second and third -generation Cypriot writers born or raised abroad, often writing in English.
This includes writers such as Michael Paraskos and Stephanos Stephanides. Examples of Cyprus in foreign literature include the works of Shakespeare, with most of the play Othello by William Shakespeare set on the island of Cyprus.
British writer Lawrence Durrell lived in Cyprus from until , during his time working for the British colonial government on the island, and wrote the book Bitter Lemons about his time in Cyprus which won the second Duff Cooper Prize in The law provides for freedom of speech and press , and the government generally respects these rights in practice.
An independent press, an effective judiciary, and a functioning democratic political system combine to ensure freedom of speech and of the press.
The law prohibits arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home, or correspondence, and the government generally respects these prohibitions in practice.
Local television companies in Cyprus include the state owned Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation which runs two television channels.
The majority of local arts and cultural programming is produced by the Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation and BRT, with local arts documentaries, review programmes and filmed drama series.
The most worldwide known Cypriot director, to have worked abroad, is Michael Cacoyannis. In , Cypriot film production received a boost with the establishment of the Cinema Advisory Committee.
In addition to government grants, Cypriot co-productions are eligible for funding from the Council of Europe 's Eurimages Fund, which finances European film co-productions.
To date, four feature films on which a Cypriot was an executive producer have received funding from Eurimages. Only a small number of foreign films have been made in Cyprus.
During the medieval period, under the French Lusignan monarchs of Cyprus an elaborate form of courtly cuisine developed, fusing French, Byzantine and Middle Eastern forms.
The Lusignan kings were known for importing Syrian cooks to Cyprus, and it has been suggested that one of the key routes for the importation of Middle Eastern recipes into France and other Western European countries, such as blancmange, was via the Lusignan Kingdom of Cyprus.
One that became particularly popular across Europe in the medieval and early modern periods was a stew made with chicken or fish called malmonia, which in English became mawmeny.
Another example of a Cypriot food ingredient entering the Western European canon is the cauliflower, still popular and used in a variety of ways on the island today, which was associated with Cyprus from the early Middle Ages.
Writing in the 12th and 13th centuries the Arab botanists Ibn al-'Awwam and Ibn al-Baitar claimed the vegetable had its origins in Cyprus,   and this association with the island was echoed in Western Europe, where cauliflowers were originally known as Cyprus cabbage or Cyprus colewart.
There was also a long and extensive trade in cauliflower seeds from Cyprus, until well into the sixteenth century.
Although much of the Lusignan food culture was lost after the fall of Cyprus to the Ottomans in , a number of dishes that would have been familiar to the Lusignans survive today, including various forms of tahini and houmous, zalatina, skordalia and pickled wild song birds called ambelopoulia.
Ambelopoulia , which is today highly controversial, and illegal, was exported in vast quantities from Cyprus during the Lusignan and Venetian periods, particularly to Italy and France.
In the English traveller to Cyprus, John Locke, claimed to have seen the pickled wild birds packed into large jars, or which jars were exported from Cyprus annually.
Also familiar to the Lusignans would have been Halloumi cheese, which some food writers today claim originated in Cyprus during the Byzantine period    although the name of the cheese itself is thought by academics to be of Arabic origin.
Seafood and fish dishes include squid, octopus, red mullet , and sea bass. Cucumber and tomato are used widely in salads. Common vegetable preparations include potatoes in olive oil and parsley, pickled cauliflower and beets, asparagus and taro.
Other traditional delicacies are meat marinated in dried coriander seeds and wine, and eventually dried and smoked, such as lountza smoked pork loin , charcoal-grilled lamb, souvlaki pork and chicken cooked over charcoal , and sheftalia minced meat wrapped in mesentery.
Pourgouri bulgur , cracked wheat is the traditional source of carbohydrate other than bread, and is used to make the delicacy koubes.
Fresh vegetables and fruits are common ingredients. Frequently used vegetables include courgettes, green peppers, okra , green beans, artichokes, carrots, tomatoes, cucumbers, lettuce and grape leaves, and pulses such as beans, broad beans, peas, black-eyed beans, chick-peas and lentils.
The most common fruits and nuts are pears, apples, grapes, oranges, mandarines , nectarines, medlar , blackberries, cherry, strawberries, figs, watermelon, melon, avocado, lemon, pistachio, almond, chestnut, walnut, and hazelnut.
Cyprus is also well known for its desserts, including lokum also known as Turkish Delight and Soutzoukos. The Cyprus national rugby union team known as The Moufflons currently holds the record for most consecutive international wins, which is especially notable as the Cyprus Rugby Federation was only formed in Tennis player Marcos Baghdatis was ranked 8th in the world, was a finalist at the Australian Open, and reached the Wimbledon semi-final, all in High jumper Kyriakos Ioannou achieved a jump of 2.
He has been ranked third in the world. There is also mixed martial artist Costas Philippou , who competes in the Ultimate Fighting Championship promotion's middleweight division.
They were the only athletes who managed to qualify and thus represented Cyprus at the Winter Olympics. The country's first ever Olympic medal, a silver medal, was won by the sailor Pavlos Kontides , at the Summer Olympics in the Men's Laser class.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Cypress. This article is about the country.
For other uses, see Cyprus disambiguation. Island country in the Eastern Mediterranean. Location of Cyprus pictured lower right , showing the Republic of Cyprus in darker green and the self-declared republic of Northern Cyprus in brighter green, with the rest of the European Union shown in faded green.
Greek Turkish . Armenian Cypriot Arabic Russian. Cypriot Greek Cypriot Turkish. Main articles: History of Cyprus and Timeline of Cypriot history.
Main articles: Prehistoric Cyprus and Ancient history of Cyprus. Main article: Ottoman Cyprus. Main article: Cyprus crisis of — Republic of the Congo.
The Republic of Cyprus. CY Republik Zypern. CY the Republic of Cyprus. Hotels Republik Zypern. Hotels in Cyprus. Für die Republik Zypern. For the Cypriot side.
Hotels in Republik Zypern. Hotels in Afrika. Beglaubigungsschreiben der Republik Zypern. Letters of Credence of the Republic of Cyprus.
Botschaft der Republik Zypern. Embassy of Australia. More context All My memories Ask Google.